ENGLISH USA ON VOA
Pelajaran ke 104, bagian pertama.
This is English USA, on VOA. Now, Lesson 104, part 1. English USA Suara Amerika, Pelajaran ke 104, bagian pertama.
Dalam pelajaran ini, Anda akan dilatih mengikuti kisah kejadian-kejadian zaman sekarang. Martin bercakap-cakap dengan seorang pejabat NASA, atau Badan Antariksa Amerika Serikat, tentang program antariksa Amerika dan pendaratan pesawat ulang-alik Amerika.
MARTIN: Will you tell me where we are, Dr. Rust?
MEL: Call me Mel, please. We are at Cape Canaveral, of course. We have used Cape Canaveral as a missile launch site since nineteen forty-eight.
MARTIN: Why this place?
MEL: Several reasons. The weather is warm in Florida. We have been able to use the site year round.
MARTIN: It does rain though.
MEL: Oh, yes. We have had storms, but very little cold weather. Also, we’re on the Atlantic Ocean. We launch the rockets over the ocean.
MARTIN: Is that because of problems?
MEL: That’s one reason. We will have accidents sometimes. Also there are islands out there. We have tracking stations on the islands and ships for about ten thousand miles toward the southeast.
MARTIN: Tell me about the tracking stations.
MEL: We’ve set up places where we watch the rocket launch. Then we have places all over the world that watch the satellites after are in orbit.
MARTIN: Is that rocket ready to launch?
MEL: It will be ready in a few days. We’re waiting for the Space Shuttle landing first.
MARTIN: I thought the Space Shuttle landed in California.
MEL: Usually, but the weather has been bad for several days. It will land here this time.
MARTIN: When is it going to land?
MEL: It will land in about two hours. Will you be here then?
MARTIN: Yes, I’d like to be. Where will it land?
MEL: Nearby. It’s only a few minutes away. MARTIN: Is this the only launch area?
MEL: No, it isn’t. This is the oldest area. We use this for the smaller rockets. It’s where the first U.S satellite was put in orbit.
MARTIN: That was in the nineteen fifties.
MEL: Yes, nineteen fifty eight. The first American manned space fight was in nineteen 1961. It was also from this area.
MARTIN: The space program has developed very quickly, hasn’t it? MEL: Yes. By 1969 we launched men to the moon.
MARTIN: Was that from here?
MEL: Yes, but after that we started building bigger rockets. We moved to another launch area for those launches. We’ll see that later if you like.
MARTIN: Of course, I’d like that.
MEL: The bigger rockets launched there are built there too. Can you see that very tall bulding?
MEL: First, the rocket will be built there. When the rocket is ready, it will be moved to the launch site. It will standing, ready for launch. It will be pulled to the launch site.
MARTIN: What are these rockets used for?
MEL: We still launch satellites with them.
Dalam mengisahkan kejadian-kejadian masa kini, kita sering menggunakan bentuk kata kerja yang menyatakan bahwa kejadian itu dimulai pada waktu lampau tapi berlanjut sampai saat hal itu di bicarakan. Dengarkan beberapa contoh.
It has been bad. We have had storms.
We have set up tracking stations.
We have used Cape Canaveral as a missile launch site.
We have been able to use the site year round.
The space program has developed quickly.
Kata kerja dinyatakan dalam bentuk waktu lampau, yang menunjukkan bahwa kegiatan dimulai di waktu lampau, dan kata kerja itu didahului oleh kata “has” atau “have.” Jawablah pertanyaan-pertanyaan Martin dengan menggunakan bentuk kata kerja tadi.
MARTIN: How long have you lived in your house?
MARTIN: Have you studied English before?
MARTIN: Has your family traveled to another country?
MEL: Let’s go to the Space Shuttle landing site. You want to watch the landing, don’t you?
MARTIN: Yes, I do. I have some questions about the shuttle too.
MEL: Good. We can talk on the way.
Anda baru saja mengikuti ENGLISH USA SUARA AMERIKA, Pelajaran 104, Bagian Pertama. Jangan lupa mengikuti pelajaran selanjutnya.
Cape Canaveral: Tanjung Canaveral
Missile launch: tempat peluncuran misil
year round: sepanjang tahun
We will have accidents sometimes: kadang-kadang kecelakaan tak terelakkan
Tracking station: stasion untuk mengikuti penerbangan satelit